Rheumatism is the term for more than 100 different disease entities, covering the entire system of movement, not just the joints. They can be divided into two groups – related to aging of tissues (eg osteoarthritis, osteoporosis) and not related to age (eg rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders).
Rheumatism is distinguished by its universality, painful and chronic course, high costs of treatment and poor prognosis. For painful and long-lasting symptoms of arthritis and tissues, the substances produced by the body, called mediators of inflammation, include prostaglandin and histamine. They are produced and released by inflammation cells: leukocytes – granulocytes and lymphocytes (white blood cells), platelets, macrophages and mast cells.
And because rheumatic diseases seriously threaten the impairment of physical fitness – it is better to prevent them and at all costs try to prevent the entire movement system from attacking.
You can not cure rheumatism, but you can do a lot so that it does not hinder everyday life. Water and classic massage are just some of the ways to stop the development of rheumatic diseases.
There are approximately 5 million people in New Zealand. The disease primarily affects women – 70 percent. all cases. 1/3 of all pensions were awarded for this reason. Unfortunately, at the current stage of the development of medicine, we can not completely cure rheumatic disease. The doctors’ efforts are focused on alleviating the course of the disease and improving the motor system.
The approach to the disease and methods of its treatment have changed. It used to consist only of fighting the symptoms of joint pain, inflammation and limiting movements in the affected joints. The pharmacological agents prescribed in this case had many undesirable effects, dangerous for the gastrointestinal tract. The so-called Therapeutic pyramid, that is, the first drugs were administered the weakest, but the least harmful, and only as the disease progresses – more and more stronger.
Scientists have not yet fully figured out the causes of rheumatic diseases. However, it is known that to a large extent their development depends on the action on our organisms of harmful environmental factors, as well as genetic predisposition. In that case, one can ask a question, is there nothing that depends on us? It depends, and a lot. Practically from childhood, you can try to prevent rheumatic diseases – at all costs, correct the defects of posture in children. Take care of proper nutrition, rich especially in the strengthening bone system, calcium. It is necessary to quickly remove the sources of any infection that infects us – a classic example can be angina, which can have very serious consequences if left untreated. It is also important to systematically practice a sport – but not competitively, only recreationally
Chronic inflammation of the joints is accompanied by severe joint pain, which becomes unbearable and can exclude from active life. The patients are still sleepy, tired, and this causes irritation, even depression. In addition, the disease quickly progresses and leads to permanent changes in the joints that prevent the performance of daily activities. Over time, it can attack the heart, lungs, kidneys, nervous system. Unfortunately, you can not undo the changes that have occurred within the joint.
The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis has been combined with the use of hormone replacement therapy and contraceptives. Today, it is known that estrogens alleviate the effects of the disease. Typical symptoms of RA include symmetrical pain in the hands and feet, morning stiffness of the joints, muscle aches, sometimes heart, blood vessels and lungs.
It is signaled by pain intensifying at the end of the day, when the joints are tired by walking or standing. A degenerative disease can only take one hand or leg joint or spine over the entire length. An unpleasant symptom of the disease may be numbness in the hands, dizziness or pain in the back of the head.
He shows pain in the shoulder area (painful shoulder syndrome), elbows (tennis elbow). Doctors suppose that this is connected with many years of muscle overload by wearing heavy nets and performing repetitive movements, during which many micro-injuries occur.